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Located in the middle of the Mediterranean, Malta is an independent republic consisting of a group of five small islands – Malta, Gozo and Comino, all of which are inhabited, and the smaller and uninhabited islands of Cominotto, Filfla and St. Paul’s Islands. Lying about 93 km to the south of Sicily and about 293 km to the North of the African mainland, the 316 km2 archipelago offers proximity not only within the country itself, where little time is spent getting from one place to another but flight times from major European gateways are generally no longer than three hours.

 

Malta has neither mountains nor rivers and the islands are characterised by a series of low hills with terraced fields. The shoreline, which is 137 kilometres long, has many bays and harbours, with a good selection of small sandy beaches and rocky coves. Malta is comparatively low lying, the highest point being about 239 metres above sea level.

 

It is the climate that has made Malta an important tourist resort in the centre of the Mediterranean. The total annual rainfall is about 60 cms. With temperatures averaging 14°C in winter and 32°C in the summer months, Malta offers a warm and mild climate throughout most of the year. The hottest months are from the middle of July to the middle of September, but the high temperatures are generally tempered by the cool sea breezes.

 

Temperatures, sunshine and rainfall

Month

Highest
Recorded

Daily Average
Temperature in ℃

Lowest
Recorded

Sea
Temperature

Daily hours
of sunshine

Rainfall
in mm

Hi Lo
January      22.2 16.1 10.3        3.9         15.4          5.46       94.7
February      24.1 16.0   9.9        2.6         14.9          6.36       63.4
March      33.5 17.8 11.3        4.8         15.0          7.33       37.0
April      31.7 20.0 13.3        6.5         15.9          8.46       26.3
May      37.3 24.2 16.6      10.5         17.5          9.99         9.2
June      40.1 28.5 20.3      14.8         21.1        11.23         5.4
July      43.1 31.5 22.8      17.4         24.1        12.15         0.2
August      43.0 31.8 23.6      18.0         25.8        11.36         6.0
September      39.2 28.4 21.6      15.4         25.2          9.00       67.4
October      33.5 25.2 18.6      11.3         23.2          7.22       77.2
November      28.9 21.0 15.0        5.7         20.6          6.50     108.6
December      24.9 17.5 11.9        3.8         17.4          5.20     107.7