Official Name:

Republic of Malta

 

Capital City:

Valletta

 

Location:

The Maltese islands (Malta, Gozo and Comino) lie virtually at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, 93 km south of Sicily (Italy) and 290 km north of Africa.

 

Area:

316 km

 

Coastline:

196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

 

Climate:

Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

 

Time:

Malta is one hour ahead of GMT (2 hours ahead in summer)

 

Natural Resources:

Limestone, salt, arable land

 

Population:

452,515 (National Statistics Office, Malta 2011)

 

Religion:

Roman Catholic (98% of population)

 

Languages:

Maltese (official), English (official). Italian, though not official, is widely spoken

 

Government Type:

Republic

 

Independence:

21 September 1964 (from UK)

 

Currency:

Euro (since 01.01.08)

 

Economic sectors:

Tourism, electronics, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, ICT and finance